This site is secured using RapidSSL

clear filter

Latest News

:

This is an image from this news item. (click to view the video)

Exercise Can Now Be Prescribed Like Medicine for Cancer Patients


It is well known that regular exercise can help prevent and treat many forms of heart disease, but less commonly known are the benefits of physical activity for cancer patients.

A new initiative called Moving Through Cancer — led by Dr. Kathryn Schmitz, professor of public health sciences at Penn State College of Medicine, and an international team of health practitioners and researchers — is hoping to change that.

According to the researchers, exercise is important for cancer prevention, as it can lower the risk of developing colon, breast, endometrial, kidney, bladder, esophagus and stomach cancers.

Exercise during and after cancer treatment can also help improve fatigue, anxiety, depression, physical function, and quality of life and can also help increase survival rates after a breast, colon or prostate cancer diagnosis.

In their new paper published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Schmitz and her team outline new exercise recommendations for people living with and beyond cancer.

“With more than 43 million cancer survivors worldwide, we have a growing need to address the unique health issues facing people living with and beyond cancer and better understand how exercise may help prevent and control cancer,” said Schmitz, who is also a member of the Penn State Cancer Institute.

“This esteemed, multidisciplinary group of leaders on the forefront of exercise oncology aimed to translate the latest scientific evidence into practical recommendations for clinicians and the public and to create global impact through a unified voice.”

Depending on each patient’s activity levels and abilities, the researchers generally recommend 30 minutes of moderately intense aerobic exercise three times a week and 20 to 30 minutes of resistance exercise twice a week.

But, Schmitz said health care professionals can also customize exercise prescriptions to individual patients.

“Through our research, we’ve reached a point where we can give specific FITT exercise prescriptions — which means frequency, intensity, time and type — for specific outcomes like quality of life, fatigue, pain and others,” Schmitz said.

“For example, if we’re seeing a head and neck cancer patient with a specific set of symptoms, we could give them an exercise prescription personalized to them.”

Schmitz said the recommendations will help with one of the premier goals of Moving Through Cancer: raising public awareness about the benefits of exercise for people living with and beyond cancer by 2029.

“Currently, an average person on the street will know that exercise is good for preventing and treating heart disease, but not for melanoma,” Schmitz said. “We want to change that. When researchers in the 1950s built an evidence base for exercise and heart disease, there was a shift in public knowledge about that connection. It’s now time for the same thing to happen with exercise and cancer.”

Schmitz said the second piece of the initiative is resources and programs to help get cancer patients moving. The Moving Through Cancer website has an exercise program registry that can help patients, families, health care providers and others find programs near them.

The final piece is policy, Schmitz said, which could be used to increase the chances that health care professionals will talk to their patients about exercise and that patients will be adequately referred as they move through cancer.

“This is the center of my professional heart,” Schmitz said. “My mission for a decade now has been that I want exercise to be as ubiquitous in cancer care as it is in cardiac disease care, only better. The new recommendations and guidance are a tool that can help make that a reality.”

Source: Penn State
https://psychcentral.com/news/2019/10/19/exercise-can-now-be-prescribed-like-medicine-for-cancer-patients/151168.html

This is an image from this news item. (click to view the video)

Exercise ‘delays progression’ of advanced colorectal cancer


Metastatic colorectal cancer patients who engage in moderate exercise while having chemotherapy tend to have delayed disease progression and fewer severe side effects, according to a US study...

Click here to continue reading this article sourced nursing times.net

This is an image from this news item. (click to view the video)

How alcohol can affect the development of colorectal cancer


While heavy alcohol consumption is recognised as a contributor to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), an increasing number of studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may not have an adverse effect on the risk of CRC, or even decrease the risk.

A recent study, comprising a meta-analysis of 16 studies into the relation of alcohol consumption to invasive CRC, was conducted by leading investigators in the field. ISFAR members consider this to be a well-done study, with a large number of subjects, the ability to use individual level data in their meta-analysis, and the use of appropriate and complete analytic techniques.

The key finding of their study was that there was a J-shaped curve evident in all of their analytic approaches; their results strongly support a J-shaped association for the relation of alcohol intake to CRC; a slightly lower risk of cancer for light- to moderate-drinkers and an increased risk for subjects reporting an average of three or more drinks per day. Further, they found that their results did not vary by age, obesity, smoking or family history of CRC.

Overall, the effects of benefits/harms were somewhat more striking for cancers in the distal colon than in the proximal colon.

Potential mechanisms for heavy alcohol consumption being related to an increase in risk were discussed by the authors. As for moderate drinking decreasing the risk, potential mechanisms have been considered by an ISFAR member. He describes active, beverage-specific metabolites other than ethanol that reach the intestine. In particular, our attention goes to the several microbial catabolites that can be formed via our host microbiota in the colon.

The finding of a J-shaped curve between alcohol and CRC is similar to the relation seen for a number of other diseases, including coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, dementia and total mortality. While a linear relation between heavy drinking and certain upper aero-digestive tract cancers has been shown, for certain cancers there may be a J-shaped curve of effect, with reductions in risk for light-to-moderate drinkers.

Read more here.

This is an image from this news item. (click to view the video)

What can cause abdominal pain and constipation?


Abdominal pain is a common symptom of constipation, so they often occur together. There are many reasons why people experience abdominal pain and constipation, ranging from certain lifestyle factors to severe medical conditions.

Constipation is a widespread condition that can affect people of any age. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), around 16 out of 100 adults in the United States experience symptoms of constipation.

In this article, we list the symptoms of constipation and abdominal pain and explore some potential causes. We also look at when to see a doctor and treatment options.

Symptoms of constipation

The NIDDK define constipation as having fewer than three bowel movements a week.

Other symptoms of constipation include:

abdominal pain
difficulty or pain when passing stools
hard, dry, or lumpy stools
the sensation that the bowel is not empty after having a bowel movement

Click here to read more.

This is an image from this news item. (click to view the video)

Hours of TV Raises Risk of CRC in Young People


Sitting and watching TV and other sedentary behavior for more than two hours a day significantly increases the risk of contracting colorectal cancer among people under the age of 50.

According to the Nurses’ Health Study II of nearly 90,000 American nurses aged 25 to 42 when recruited for the study and followed up for two decades.

The risk is not increased by just sitting at the dinner table or reading a book, but by sedentary time resulting from passive media consumption on TV and the social media and the lack of vigorous physical activity.

Sedentary behavior, according to the study, involves the development of several chronic health outcomes, including cancer of the colon and rectum, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular. The very large, long-term prospective study was conducted by researchers at Harvard University in Massachusetts and and Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Missouri. It was published in the Cancer Spectrum of the Journal of the [US] National Cancer Institute.

The researchers said that although rates of colorectal cancer in the older US population – as well as in parts of Europe and Asia – has decreased in recent years due to colonoscopy screening and better diet, they have “increased dramatically in those ages 20 to 49 in the US.

In younger people, this type of often-fatal cancer is typically diagnosed at a more advanced stage and with more aggressive tumors. As a result, the American Cancer Society now advises that people who have no family or personal history of the malignancy should be screened from the age of 45 instead of 50, which was the previous policy.

The nurses were asked to complete questionnaires at baseline and again every two years. The questionnaires included questions about their medical condition and health, physical data such as a body mass index and lifestyle-related risk factors or prevention, such as smoking, physical activity, diet, and overall caloric intake.

In addition, the participants were asked to list in the questionnaires information and data about their behavior, such as standing or walking around the house or in the workplace, and especially watching TV, measured in the range of seven to 14 hours per week (one or two hours a day). During follow-up of 22 years during, 118 nurses developed colorectal cancer before the age of 50. Associated with an increased risk factor for illness were prolonged TV viewing and video content viewing on social networks.

The researchers found that sighted television had an increased and dramatic effect on the risk of colorectal cancer in women under the age of 50. The conclusion was particularly pronounced among women who participated in the study and were overweight and obese who had little physical activity and had a history of smoking.

The researchers found that one to two hours of daily TV or video watching on the computer was associated with a 12-percent increase in the risk of colon cancer compared to women who watched less than an hour of the day. The risk of getting sick increased significantly in women who watched more than two hours a day and stood at 69% more than women who watched less than an hour a day. In addition, women who watched more than two hours a day increased their risk of developing rectal cancer by 2.44 times more than women who watched less than an hour a day.

“These findings provide further and dramatic proof of the great importance of adopting a healthy and active lifestyle to reduce the risk of cancer,” the researchers wrote.

Click here to continue reading this article sourced from BreakingIsraelNews.com

An image from our site
Digestive Cancers Europe vzw/asbl
Terrestlaan 30
3090 Overijse
Belgium
Tel: Phone : +44 0)1722 333 587
info@digestivecancers.eu


Youtube Facebook Facebook
The information contained in this website is for general health education purposes only. Its objective is to give general guidance, and should not replace or be interpreted as a consultation with a physician or a healthcare professional. For any personal questions about your health, please talk to your doctor. Even if we try to keep the information on our website up-to-date and correct, we cannot guarantee that it covers all the latest medical and scientific insights.
Warning!!! Warning!!! Cookies are disabled Warning!!! Warning!!!